The Poorest Town in Alabama has been Revealed

Oak Hill, nestled in Wilcox County, Alabama, boasts a rich history, vibrant culture, and stunning natural landscapes. However, amidst its beauty lies a community grappling with profound economic hardships, particularly in its rural areas. In this article, we delve into the realities of life in Oak Hill, the poorest town in Alabama.

Understanding Oak Hill

Oak Hill, a town with a mere 26 residents as per the 2020 census, rests approximately 80 miles southwest of Montgomery, the state capital. Established in 1895, it once flourished with thriving industries like cotton gins, sawmills, and bustling stores. However, the passage of time witnessed a gradual decline, marked by dwindling industry, population, and infrastructure. Today, Oak Hill stands as a ghost town, adorned with only a scattering of residences, a solitary church, and a solemn cemetery.

Challenges Facing Oak Hill

Oak Hill bears the weight of dire economic circumstances, evident in its staggering median household income of $9,286, a stark contrast to Alabama’s statewide figure of $52,035. Additionally, it grapples with the lowest per capita income in the state, standing at a mere $18,587. The challenges confronting Oak Hill are multifaceted:

  • Employment Shortage: The absence of local businesses or job opportunities leaves most residents either retired or unemployed. The nearest semblance of economic activity lies in Camden, roughly 15 miles away, albeit plagued by its own poverty concerns.
  • Service Deficiencies: Basic amenities such as water, sewerage, gas, and waste collection are luxuries unknown to Oak Hill, compelling residents to rely on wells, septic tanks, propane tanks, and incinerating their refuse. Moreover, the town lacks crucial emergency services, with the nearest hospital situated in Selma, a daunting 40 miles distant.
  • Educational Deprivation: With no educational institutions within its bounds, Oak Hill’s populace grapples with limited access to formal learning. Census data from 2020 reveals a mere 46.2% possessing a high school diploma or higher, with only 3.8% holding a bachelor’s degree or beyond. The nearest educational hub, Wilcox County Schools, reports disheartening graduation rates and proficiency levels in core subjects.

Hopes for Oak Hill

Despite the adversities, hope flickers in the hearts of Oak Hill’s residents, who strive to preserve and rejuvenate their community. Initiatives aimed at conserving its historical edifices, orchestrating communal gatherings, and enticing visitors offer glimpses of optimism:

  • Oak Hill Baptist Church: Established in 1903, the church remains a focal point for congregational activities and community outreach, including its annual homecoming celebration, fostering a sense of belonging among former and current inhabitants.
  • Oak Hill Cemetery: Dating back to the 1800s, the cemetery stands as a testament to the region’s heritage, hosting an annual decoration day where families gather to honor their ancestors and perpetuate cherished traditions.
  • Oak Hill Country Store: Erected in 1913, the store serves as both a historical landmark and a cultural hub, offering insights into Oak Hill’s storied past through exhibits, while also serving as a venue for events like concerts and art showcases.


Oak Hill may wear the mantle of Alabama’s poorest town, but beneath the surface lies a community brimming with resilience, pride, and a collective determination to script a brighter future. It beckons attention and support not just from governmental bodies but from wider society, for Oak Hill is more than a statistic; it is a narrative of strength, heritage, and unwavering hope.

Leave a Comment